Round Mountain Technologies – USDA Organic Industrial Hemp Farm

Nevada State License No. 4122017001

A Brief History & Background

Hemp was originally cultivated over 10,000 years ago in Taiwan. Ancient cultivators of the cannabis plant recognized that it was dioecious meaning that it had dual characteristics. Cultivators grew one variety of the cannabis plant to be tall and durable-industrial hemp.

The industrial hemp plant has always been cultivated for its strong fibers. In ancient civilization, the fibers were used for textiles, building materials and fuels. We still use them for these things today.

Upon discovering that the flower buds of the cannabis plant had psychoactive effects, cultivators started separating the hemp plants from the flowering plants in order to isolate their “medicinal” characteristics.

Scientifically, we know that plants properly bred for industrial hemp tend to produce high levels of cannabinoid CBD, while producing low amounts of THC. The marijuana plants, conversely, produces high THC levels and low CBD levels.

The chemical difference dictates the way we use the cannabis plant for medicinal purposes. CBD has been successful in treating people with arthritis, chronic pain and epilepsy. While THC has been successful in helping people with similar ailments, each cannabinoid interacts with the user differently, making CBD more effective for some than others.

The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 banned industrial hemp cultivation by classifying marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug. This was the first time the federal government created legislation that essentially grouped hemp and marijuana into the same category. Hemp farmers knew the variety of the cannabis plant they were growing had little psychoactive effects, but law makers were not interested. Proponents of the war on drugs were focused on eradicating a species of plant that they clearly did not understand.

In 2014 President Obama signed the U.S. Farm Bill that acknowledges the chemical difference between industrial hemp and marijuana, defining it as: “The plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta­9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than 0.3% on a dry weight basis”.

The Bill allows state departments of agriculture and institutions of higher education
to cultivate industrial hemp for research purposes. Both hemp and marijuana have valuable roles in society, a fact for nearly 10,000 years. Victories for cultivators, like the Farm Bill have been few and far between, but progressing. Hemp offers environmental advantages and has a long history of use for paper, textiles, cordage, bird seeds and is a nutritional food and excellent body care ingredient.

Hemp are now being grown in over thirty countries, including Australia, Canada, China, England, France, Germany and Spain. Each of these countries has adopted regulatory models that allow for safe human consumption of hemp products.